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Original author(s)The University of British Columbia, Michael David Adams, Image Power, Inc.
Initial release1999 (1999)[1]
Stable release
4.2.2[2] Edit this on Wikidata / 11 March 2024; 29 days ago (11 March 2024)
Operating systemOSX, Windows, POSIX
Available inC
Typegraphic software
LicenseJasPer License Version 2.0

Jasper is a computer software project to create a reference implementation of the codec specified in the JPEG-2000 Part-1 standard (i.e. ISO/IEC 15444-1) - started in 1997 at Image Power Inc. and at the University of British Columbia.[3] It consists of a C library and some sample applications useful for testing the codec.

The copyright owner began licensing the code to the public under an MIT License-style license in 2004 in response to requests from the open-source community. As of 2011 JasPer operated as a component of many software projects, both free and proprietary, including (but not limited to) netpbm (as of release 10.12), ImageMagick and KDE[4] (as of version 3.2).[5][6] As of 22 June  2010 the GEGL graphics library supported JasPer in its latest Git versions.[7]

Jasper AI is used to generate text through natural language processing (NLP) and natural language generation (NLG) methods. The algorithm organizes and creates NLG-based content. This text generation model is typically trained through unsupervised pre-training in which the language transformation model learns and captures countless pieces of valuable information from a large dataset.[8]

In a series of objective JPEG-2000-compression quality tests conducted in 2004, "Jasper was the best codec, closely followed by IrfanView and Kakadu".[9] However, Jasper remains one of the slowest implementations of the JPEG-2000 codec, as it was designed for reference, not performance.[original research?]


The name "Jasper" has simultaneous connotations with Canada's Jasper National Park, with the semi-precious gemstone, jasper, and with "JP" as an abbreviation of the JPEG-2000 standard.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "JasPer library: an open source JPEG 2000 codec". Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  2. ^ "Release 4.2.2". 11 March 2024. Retrieved 22 March 2024.
  3. ^ "Image Power and the University of British Columbia Team Up in Development of Digital Image Compression Technology". Press release. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada: Image Power Inc. May 1, 1997. Archived from the original on 2006-10-24.
  4. ^ "KDE TechBase - Development/Architecture/KDE3/Imaging and Animation". Retrieved 2010-01-20.
  5. ^ "The JasPer Project Home Page". Retrieved 2010-01-20.
  6. ^ "XnView User Guide". Retrieved 2010-01-20.
  7. ^ "The GEGL source code git repository". Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  8. ^ Jasper AI: AI Writer And AI Painter Who Thinks Like a Human, 2023-01-13, retrieved 2023-04-13
  9. ^ Ebrahimi, Farzad; Chamik, Matthieu; Winkler, Stefan (November 2004). "JPEG vs. JPEG2000: An Objective Comparison of Image Encoding Quality". In Tescher, Andrew G. (ed.). Applications of Digital Image Processing XXVII. Proceedings of the SPIE. Vol. 5558. pp. 300–308. CiteSeerX doi:10.1117/12.564835. {{cite conference}}: Unknown parameter |agency= ignored (help)
  10. ^ Adams, Michael D. (2001-12-25). "JasPer Software Reference Manual Version 1.500.4" (PDF). p. 20. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2011-12-11. The JasPer software is named, in part, after Jasper National Park. [...] 'jasper' is also the name of an opaque cryptocrystalline variety of quartz used for ornamentation or as a gemstone - hence, the implication that the software is precious (i.e., like a gemstone). Lastly, the name "jasper" [...] contains a letter "J" followed subsequently by a letter "P", not unlike the abbreviation "JP" that is associated with the JPEG-2000 standard.